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Knitting Tip- Button Holes

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The correct size
I'm sure you've also been annoyed by buttons that just seem to open by themselves, slipping out of the button hole. So you know how important it is for the buttonhole to have the correct size. It's ideal if, to begin with, it's difficult to get the button through the hole, as this automatically gets wider with use. If you're unsure, it's better to have a trial run.
There are so many lovely buttons, so work the buttonhole to fit the button and don't look for a button to fit the finished buttonhole.
Specify the distance between the buttonholes beforehand and mark the positions with a safety pin, for instance. For a V-neck cardigan the first buttonhole is a few centimetres below the start of the V.

This is how it goes…
The most common patterns for Button Bands are simple rib patterns (e.g. K1, P1 or K2, P2). The buttonholes are worked in the centre of the band. In our example the button band is worked over 8 rows, the buttonholes are worked in the 4th row.

 

Round buttonhole over one stitch in K1, P1:
… K1, yarn round needle, K2 together; in the following row knit the loop.

 

Horizontal buttonhole over 4 stitches in K1, P1:
… K1, cast off 4 stitches, however, don't knit these, just slip them: slip 2 stitches on to the right needle and pass the first stitch over the second, slip the next stitch on to the right needle etc. until 4 stitches have been cast off. Slip the 5th stitch back on to the left needle and pass yarn round needle 3 times on the right needle and continue the row in rib pattern. In the next row the loops are worked through the back of the stitch making 4 stitches and keeping to the K1,P1 pattern.

 

Round buttonhole over 2 stitches in K2, P2:
… P2 and K1, slip 1, K1, pass slip stitch over, depending on how large the buttonhole should be, yarn round needle once or twice, K2 together. In the next row the loop(s) should be worked through the back of the loop.

 

Horizontal buttonhole over 4 stitches in K2, P2:
… K2 and P1, cast off 4 stitches, however, don't knit these, just slip them: slip 2 stitches on to the right needle and pass the first stitch over the second, slip the next stitch on to the right needle etc. until 4 stitches have been cast off. Slip the 5th stitch back on to the left needle and pass yarn round needle 3 times on the right needle and continue the row in rib pattern. In the next row the 3 loops are worked through the back of the stitch making 4 stitches: K1, P2 and K1 through the back of the loop.

This way you will get firm, yet unobtrusive horizontal buttonholes which don't fall out of shape so easily. For this firmness it's important to cast off the stitches without knitting and that you have fewer loops than the stitches you need. These are inconspicuous because the buttonhole is optically framed by the right ribs. Here it's not so important if before the buttonhole a purl stitch follows a knit stitch or not, what is important is that, at the end of the buttonhole, a purl stitch comes before the knit stitch, which practically makes the loop of the last cast-off stitch invisible.

Another tip
Buttonholes that are too big or stretched can be made smaller by using "knit" stitch with the original yarn.